Indoor palm trees play an important role in interior design. They are different in height, color of the crown and leaf shape. Many need special growing conditions, but there are palm trees, care for which at home does not cause trouble.
General recommendations for palm trees
Palm keeping conditions have a lot in common, there are slight differences in care associated with the peculiarity of a particular variety. But the natural climatic conditions for most palm trees are the tropics. Care for a palm tree at home should be based on the following:
1. It is better to have a flowerpot with a plant in warm southern rooms. Adult plants are less demanding of the environment and grow well in any environment, but young palm trees need a certain temperature.
2. In the summer, palms are kept at a temperature of 16 to 22 degrees, but a slight deviation from the norms will not cause the plant any harm. In winter, the room temperature should be maintained at a level of 14-16 degrees, with the exception of cold-resistant varieties that tolerate a decrease of up to 10 degrees.
3. Palm trees are demanding on air humidity. In summer, the crown is often sprayed with warm water and washed, arranging the plant sanitary days. In winter, they are limited only by washing the leaves once a month. With insufficient humidity in the room, the tips of the leaves of the palm begin to turn yellow, the plant loses its attractiveness.
4. From early spring to autumn, plants are abundantly watered, preventing the earthen coma from drying out. For irrigation use warm water. In winter, the frequency of irrigation is reduced, but do not allow the soil to completely dry. Drying of the soil leads to yellowing of the leaves. If this happens, then the dry part can be cut to living tissue.
5. Palm trees are photophilous plants, but direct sunlight can cause burns. Plants are placed near windows, shaded by curtains. Adult specimens are able to tolerate a tenuous shadow and grow quietly in the depths of the room.
6. When ventilating the room in winter, drafts should not be allowed, because palm trees do not tolerate cold air and can freeze.
7. Young plants are demanding on the composition of the soil, so they are grown in lighter soil. When transplanting adult palm trees add turf land. You can use specialized primers for dracaena.
8. Palm trees need additional nutrition. From early spring, fertilizers are applied for decorative and deciduous plants. Frequency of top dressing 1 time in 10 days. In winter, palm trees need to be fertilized less often.
Home palm care (photo): transplant
Palm transplantation is carried out in the spring until the moment of active growth. Young plants are transplanted every year, and larger ones - once every 4 years.
The transplant is carried out carefully, trying not to injure the root system of the plant. Sick and damaged roots are cut to a healthy tissue and sprinkled with crushed charcoal.
The size of the palm pot is of great importance. It should be tall, but not wide. Some varieties of palm trees, for example, date palm trees, have a specific feature, their roots rise to the surface of the soil. Narrow long pots are used for planting such plants, and roots protruding from the ground are covered with moss.
After transplanting the plants, the earth around it is well compacted.
How to propagate a palm tree?
Reproduction of palm trees at home is quite problematic. Some species breed exclusively by seed. There are palm trees that can be propagated by division or offspring.
Seed propagation is especially difficult. Seedlings are grown under lower heating, adhering to temperatures up to 35 degrees. The first shoots may appear in a few months. These palms grow longer than usual.
Problems in caring for a home palm tree (photo)
1. The tips of the leaves turn brown.
Most likely, the reason lies in too dry air or insufficient watering. Also, the appearance of dry tips is a reaction of a plant to a draft.
2. Leaves turn yellow and fall.
Insufficient watering in the summer leads to yellowing of the leaves. In the warmer months, the soil should always be kept moist.
3. Brown dry spots on palm leaves.
This is the result of waterlogging of the soil at low ambient temperatures.
4. Brown leaves by a palm tree.
If such a phenomenon is seen on the lower leaves of the plant, then there is no reason for unrest. In adult palm trees, the lower leaves die off, they need to be cut. If the upper young leaves have become brown, then this is the result of excessive watering.
Pest control on a palm tree (photo)
Inadequate palm care at home leads to pests.
Brown plaques are visible on the surface of the leaves and stem. The insect sucks the plant cell juice, the leaves die off.
To combat the pest, a soap solution is used, with which the leaves are washed. In case of severe defeat, they are sprayed with Actellik.
• Spider mite
With insufficient air humidity, plants are affected by a spider mite. On the stem and leaves can be distinguished cobwebs. The plant withers, leaves fall.
To combat, spraying is used by an actress.
Insects infect the leaves and shoots of the plant. A large number of pests leads to the death of the plant.
At the first sign of infection, an actellist is sprayed.
Description and photos of home palm trees
From a huge selection of palm trees, you can choose plants to your liking. It can be dwarf or tall specimens, diverse in leaf shape.
This variety of palm trees is often used in landscaping apartments, offices. Refers to fast-growing species. Its trunk is powerful brown, and the leaves are located at the top. The shape of the leaves is fan-shaped.
Features of growing: Does not require high humidity, but regular watering is required. Attitude to light - neutral, withstand shady places. Propagated by seeds that germinate after only a few months.
This is a fan palm, which has two varieties. Her trunk is strong, green leaves. The plant is very demanding on heat. In the room where the palm is grown, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 24 degrees. Watering is moderate, avoid waterlogging the soil. Lighting should be good, without direct sunlight. Lower leaves should be removed periodically.
The most popular indoor plant from the subtropical climate. Her panicles contain cirrus green leaves. Caring for a palm tree at home is not a hassle. It can grow in the shade, can withstand the sun, abundant watering and dry soil. It tolerates top dressing and transplantation.
Propagated by division of the bush during transplantation. It is enough to plant several branches in a separate pot to get a new plant.
Chamedorea blooms at a young age. Inflorescence - panicle, contains cream or white flowers.
The palm is placed in the most lighted place, in the summer it is useful to take it out to fresh air. Watered sparingly, in the summer, nutrient mixtures are added to the water once a week. In winter, the palm tree contains at a temperature of 10 degrees. The plant is transplanted annually.