Holidays September 6
Lantern Festival in France
An interesting holiday takes place over two days - on the eve of the Mother of God’s birthday, starting from the 17th century, a goods fair was held, as well as a service on Florence Square. It was the most important city fair, to which citizens come in the best outfits. In the 17th century, the outfits of the townspeople seemed too magnificent, so they were called "lanterns." After the fair, in the evening, a procession takes place in the city with paper lanterns and burning candles. The procession is led by a cardinal. Another version notes that the tradition began after the troops of Florence entered Siena. Today, the holiday is very popular among tourists, these days the city museum demonstrates its true face.
Unification Day of Bulgaria
In 1885, Eastern Rumelia was annexed to the Principality of Bulgaria. Prior to this, the principality was divided into three parts under the Berlin Treaty: Bulgaria and Rumelia, as well as Macedonia, which was part of the Ottoman Empire. The uprising in Rumelia led by Alexander I of Bulgaria and Chardafon led to the surrender of power by representatives of the Ottoman Rumelia. Despite the violation of the Berlin Treaty, Prince Alexander Battenberg issued a special manifesto joining Eastern Rumelia to the Bulgarian Principality. The forces of Europe sharply criticized the violation of the treaty; later, it was precisely this that influenced Battenberg - he lost the princely crown. However, in the memory of the Bulgarian people, he forever remained only a unifier.
Day of the Armenian city of Dilijan
Dilijan is a world balneological and mountain-climatic resort. From all sides the city is surrounded by the Dilijan Reserve, which is a large forest park of 40 hectares. The excellent healing climate of the mountainous-wooded area, windless, with relative humidity, as well as a large number of mineral springs make the resort popular throughout the year. The population of the city is different - historical peoples live near the Armenians - the Old Believer community of the Molokans, the Dukhobors from the Don Cossacks, as well as Russians.
September 6th in the folk calendar
Eutyches the Quiet
Eutychius was one of the disciples of the holy apostles of Christ John and Paul. He was also called the apostle for his hard work on preaching in different countries with Paul. The wanderings were carried over with a lot of torment, they were constantly pursued by pagans, starved, thrown to wild animals for devouring. Torture often did not bring satisfaction to tormentors - for example, a lion in a cage spoke in a human voice, praising Jesus. Many pagans at the same time believed in Christ. The saint ended his earthly life as a martyr. National signs of this day can tell about autumn - the rain foreshadowed a dry autumn and a good harvest. The last days were devoted to cleaning flax, it was important to avoid losses, to keep the boxes from drying out.
Historical events of September 6
September 6, 1817 - after a rather long transportation from St. Petersburg, the famous monument to Minin and Pozharsky arrived today in Moscow, which today is erected on Red Square in front of St. Basil’s Cathedral, it is one of the symbols of the Russian capital. The idea of creating a monument arose at the very beginning of the 20th century, initially it was planned to erect a monument to Minin and Pozharsky in Nizhny Novgorod, but then changed their minds. The sculptor of the composition is Ivan Sailor.
September 6, 1936 - The title "People's Artist of the USSR" became the highest honorary title awarded to outstanding cultural figures of the Soviet Union. Among the people who were awarded such an honorary award are Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko (first holders of the rank), Pugacheva, Yankovsky (last holders of the rank).
September 6, 1939 - In Leningrad, the State Theater of Variety Miniatures was opened, which was directed by Arkady Raikin. In 1982, a popular cultural institution moved to the Russian capital, five years later it was renamed the Satyricon Theater, which is now run by Konstantin Raikin.
September 6, 1956 - a document was signed on the renaming of international Stalin prizes into international Lenin prizes, this need was caused by attacks on the personality of Stalin, which Khrushchev initiated.
September 6, 1991 - The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was forced to recognize the independence of Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia. Having received support from the West, the Baltic republics achieved independence, which they dreamed about for many decades, being part of the Soviet Union.
September 6, 1991 - Leningrad was again renamed to St. Petersburg, he bore this name until August 31, 1914. Residents of the city on the Neva initiated the return of the former name to the city, since it is associated with the rich history and traditions of Northern Palmyra. Opinion polls show that the vast majority of Petersburgers reacted positively to such a transformation and today they proudly call their city St. Petersburg.
Born on September 6
Ivan V (1666 - 1696 years) - Tsar of the Romanov dynasty, brother of Peter I
The children of Maria Miloslavskaya, except for the younger Peter, were very painful, and Ivan is no exception - he grew up weak and almost blind. The interests of the two parties were explained by the fact that the Miloslavskys and Naryshkins represented stepbrothers from different queens. Ivan ruled quite a bit - he was removed from power by representatives of Alexei, son of Natalia Naryshkina. Due to incorrectly spread information about the murder of Ivan, a streltsy rebellion began.
The main opponents of the Miloslavskys were eliminated, Patriarch Joachim presented a conciliatory position - the reign of two brothers under the regency of Sofia Naryshkina. The eldest, Ivan, practically did not deal with the affairs of the state - the whole burden of management lay on the shoulders of Sophia, then the young Peter. Peter 1 later dealt with Sophia, but it is noteworthy that he never touched his brother and his family. At the age of 30, John broke paralysis. It is known that he had 5 children. In all ceremonies during the dual power until 1696, Peter 1 emphasized the seniority of his brother and revered him as a father.
Hiram Berdan (1824 -1893) - American inventor of rifle accessories
Berdan was considered America's best shooter. He received 200 thousand dollars for the invention of a press for crushing quartz rocks, and settled in New York, acquiring a mansion for himself. When the Civil War began, he created a special unit of shooters (snipers). Lincoln granted Berdan the rank of colonel. At that time, the shooters were armed with the best weapons - Sharpe guns. The colonel himself was distinguished by unusual cowardice - he instantly left the battlefield, hearing the sounds of bullets.
For such behavior he was brought before the tribunal and dismissed. After that, Berdan designed a new type of weapon, but could not get a contract for its production. In 1867, he met with the Russian military, choosing weapons for the army. They marked the Berdan gun and ordered the Colt factory 30 thousand guns "Berdan N2" with a large number of rounds. This was not Berdan’s latest invention - he improved his designs several more times.
John Dalton (1766-1844) - English chemist, physicist
First of all, Dalton’s merit is that he described a phenomenon called “color blindness” - when some people do not distinguish between red and green, while others do not distinguish between yellow and blue. The scientist himself also observed such deviations, they were called "color blindness." People who did not distinguish colors ceased to feel discomfort. Dalton could not find out the cause of the disorder, just as there was no practical application of his discovery. Already much later, with the advent of traffic lights and color alarms, the discovery was appreciated. In addition, John Dalton observed the phenomena of weather and their changes, the formation of clouds, the behavior of gases during expansion, the phenomenon of polymer.
Edgar Rubin (1886 - 1951) - Danish psychologist
Edgar John studied philosophy and psychology, taught at the Department of Experimental Psychology. Subsequently, he became the successor to his leader Lehmann and headed the laboratory of the University of Copenhagen. His most famous studies relate to the theory of visually perceived figures, which had a great influence on the development of gestalt psychology. It was Rubin who introduced the concept of a figure and a background and drew attention to their difference - the figure does not merge with the background, but seems more convex, the background is more continuous, it is only material.
“Ruby Vase” is a model in which rotating figures clearly demonstrate the difference in perception, turning out to be either a vase or an image of faces. Gestalt theory considers only the perception of "here and now" as an opportunity to organize parts into a single whole. When focusing on the most important points in the present, the figure takes the main place, everything else recedes into the background. If any parts elude perception, then the need remains unmet, and the gestalt remains incomplete.